Zulay, Menahem

   Israeli scholar. He was born in Oschcianci, Galicia, and settled in Palestine in 1920. He worked at the Schocken Institute for the Study of Hebrew Poetry. He was an expert on early Palestinian piyyutim and edited the collection of such poems discovered in the Cairo Genizah.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • ZULAY, MENAHEM — (1901–1954), Israel researcher of early Ereẓ Israel piyyut. Zulay, who was born in Oshcianci, Galicia, settled in Palestine in 1920. In 1925 he was invited to Germany to act as Hebrew tutor to the children of S.Z. Schocken. At the University of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KLAR, BENJAMIN MENAḤEM — (1901–1948), Israeli Hebrew scholar. Klar, born in Linets, Ukraine, was educated at the university and the Jewish Theological Seminary in Vienna. In 1936 he emigrated to Palestine and taught at the Mizrachi Teachers Seminary in Jerusalem, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GENIZAH, CAIRO — Introduction The term genizah is a word shortened from the rabbinical Hebrew phrase bet genizah (see also genizah ). Its counterpart in late biblical Hebrew is genez (pl. genazim, ginzei) which in Esther evidently means a treasury, as well as the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBREW LANGUAGE — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GIKATILLA — (Chiquitilla; Heb. גיקטיליא), ISAAC IBN (fl. second half of 10th century), Spanish Hebrew poet and grammarian. A student of menahem b. jacob ibn Saruq, he took part in the controversy on grammar between him and dunash b. labrat . moses ibn ezra… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DUNASH BEN LABRAT — (mid tenth century), Hebrew poet, linguist, and exegete. Most medieval scholars believed that he and Adonim ha Levi were the same person. Moses Ibn Ezra described him as a Baghdadi by origin and a man of Fez by education. He could have been born… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAADIAH (Ben Joseph) GAON — (882–942), greatest scholar and author of the geonic period and important leader of Babylonian Jewry. Saadiah was born in Pithom (Abu Suweir), in the Faiyum district in Egypt. Little is known about his family except that his opponents slandered… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH HA-LEVI BEI-RABBI HILLEL — JUDAH HA LEVI BEI RABBI HILLEL, medieval paytan, some of whose work was recently discovered in the Cairo Genizah. Judah s piyyutim are based on customs prevailing in Ereẓ Israel, which would indicate that he lived there or in Egypt, where there… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HADUTA (also known as Hedvata) BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 6th century), one of the early paytanim in Ereẓ Israel. His piyyutim form a distinct group in piyyut literature because of their special subject material: a series of hymns commemorating the 24 watches (mishmarot ) of priests (cf. I Chron. 24 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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